A unifying framework for the underlying mechanisms of avian avoidance of wind turbines




The construction and operation of wind-power plants may affect birds through collision mortality, reduced habitat utilization due to disturbance, barriers to movement and habitat modifications, with the nature and magnitude of those effects being site- and species-specific. Birds may however manage these effects through fleeing, activity shifts or changed habitat utilization; usually termed avoidance. Given the important role avoidance plays in estimating the impact wind-power development has on birds, there is a pressing need to formalizing the avoidance process. Crucial in this context is to identify the underlying mechanisms of behavioural responses by birds to wind-power plants and individual turbines.


Biological Conservation






- N/A


- Inglês


- Nenhuma restrição


- Outra biodiversidade terrestre


- Artigo com revisão pelos pares e teses universitárias


- Legal e Política (Leis, regulamentos, planos de acção de estratégias, etc);
- Avaliação de impactos


- Nenhuma / Não aplicável



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