Elephant poaching in Niassa Reserve, Mozambique: population impact revealed by combined survey trends for live elephants and carcasses




Trends in the populations of large herbivores in Niassa Reserve, Mozambique, have been monitored through biennial aerial surveys since 1998. The elephant Loxodonta africana population has been subjected to intensive illegal hunting since 2006. We used a simple population model to mimic the observed trends in the numbers of live and dead elephants to demonstrate the impact of poaching. The number of fresh or recent carcasses recorded was used in the model as an index of the annual mortality rate. A maximum likelihood analysis to compare population models revealed that the best fit to the survey estimates of both live elephants and old or very old carcasses was a model that started with 6635 elephants in 1987.


Fauna & Flora International






- Niassa


- Inglês


- Nenhuma restrição


- Biodiversidade Florestal


- Artigo com revisão pelos pares e teses universitárias


- Diversidade biológica e cultural


- Reserva Nacional do Niassa



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