Technological Substitution and Augmentation of Ecosystem Services




Nature once produced virtually every service, good or material that humanity used. It supplied all food, fiber, skins, water, and much of the fuel, medicines and building materials. Over time, human beings developed technologies to coax more of these services from nature, often at the expense of other species. Agriculture and forestry increased the production of food, fiber and timber. Human beings also developed animal husbandry, commandeering other species to serve their needs for a steadier protein diet, for fiber and skins for bodily warmth and protection, to do work on and off the farm, and to transport goods and people.








- N/A


- Inglês


- Nenhuma restrição


- Geral


- Relatórios, Estudos, Avaliações de Biodiversidade, Linhas de Base


- Diversidade biológica e cultural


- Nenhuma / Não aplicável



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