Virtual Library

The BIOFUND Virtual Library is an online archive of information on Mozambique’s biodiversity, organized along the lines suggested by the Convention on Biodiversity’s Clearing House Mechanism. The Virtual Library will strive to make available all the documents, studies, reports, articles, educational and communications materials, maps and digital files that have been produced, to serve as a repository of our collective institutional memory as a conservation community. The usefulness of the Virtual Library will improve the more we share amongst ourselves. If you have any materials that are not currently part of the Virtual Library, please click on "Add Document" and become a contributor.

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Protected Areas

Title Author Year of Publication
ESTUDO DAS CONDIÇÕES ECOLÓGICAS E SOCIOECONÓMICAS DA RESERVA NACIONAL DE POMENEValério Macandza, Faruk Mamugy, Alice Massingue Manjate e Ernesto Macamo2015




A elaboração do plano de maneio requer o conhecimento do estado dos recursos naturais e das condições socioeconómicas da área protegida. A Reserva Nacional de Pomene (RNP), O objectivo deste estudo é documentar as condições ecológicas, condições socioeconómicas e a situação actual da gestão das finanças públicas na RNP. A informação produzida servirá de referência para a elaboração do plano de maneio que oriente a implementação de acções para a conservação da biodiversidade e desenvolvimento do turismo, no âmbito da revitalização e identificação de estratégias para o financiamento sustentável do sistema das áreas de conservação de Moçambique.




O estudo é realizado no âmbito do Projecto de Financiamento Sustentável do Sistema das Áreas Protegidas de Moçambique (Pro-Fin), que tem como objectivo fortalecer a eficácia e sustentabilidade do sistema de áreas protegidas de Moçambique, incluindo a sustentabilidade financeira através do estabelecimento e manutenção de sistemas de gestão financeira eficazes e eficientes, e através da diversificação e aumento das receitas nas áreas protegidas.




Inhambane


Portuguese


No Restrictions


General


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Protected Areas


Pomene National Reserve

ESTUDO DAS CONDIÇÕES ECOLÓGICAS E SOCIOECONÓMICAS DA RESERVA NACIONAL DE POMENE
Tubarões e recifes de coralWildlife Conservation Society2019






Wildlife Conservation Society






N/A


Portuguese


Permitted


Marine Biodiversity


Images and Photos


Environmental Education;
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity;
Threats to Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Tubarões e recifes de coral
Marine and Coastal Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Enhanced Resilience in Southern Africa: Synthesis ReportRomy Chevallier, Jude Bijoux, Célia Macamo & Siyasanga Sauka2019




Despite the climate change commitments made under the landmark Paris Agreement in 2015, the world will continue to experience negative climate impacts. As such, pre-emptive adaptation planning is necessary to build and sustain countries’ social, economic and environmental resilience. For vulnerable coastal and island states, this can be done through the enhanced sustainable management, restoration and conservation of their marine and coastal ecosystems. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) – or ecosystem-based approaches to climate adaptation – is the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.


South African Institute of International Affairs


EbA involves governing and managing ecosystems to enhance their resilience to climatic shocks and stresses – maintaining and, where possible, improving the quality and quantity of ecosystem services they provide to society – and in so doing supporting human communities to adapt to current and future climate risks.




N/A


English


No Restrictions


General


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Climate Change and Biodiversity;
Community Use of Biodiversity


None

Marine and Coastal Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Enhanced Resilience in Southern Africa: Synthesis Report
Mangrove transformation in the Incomati Estuary, Maputo Bay, MozambiqueCélia C. F. Macamo, Henriques Balidy, Salomão O. Bandeira, James G. Kairo2015




The mangroves around Maputo city in Maputo Bay were studied to assess changes in forest cover area and the effect of cutting pressure on the forest structure and conservation condition, by using GIS techniques and ground-truthing. On site, the forest was classified into semi-intact (predominantly intact trees), degraded (with many cut trees), degraded with reed invasion, dwarf mangrove, and new mangrove area. The results showed a 5% increase in forest area in 2003 as compared to 1991, with 64% of the total forest consisting of degraded mangroves. Deforestation took place at a mean rate of 17 ha year-1 between 1991 and 2003.


Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)


By identifying the most critical areas of the Incomati Estuary and describing forest condition, this study shows the poor condition of peri-urban mangroves at locations such as this in eastern Africa, and highlights the need for further understanding of estuary regimes that may influence mangrove community changes, other that deforestation.




N/A


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Environmental Education;
Ecosystem Restoration;
Impact Assessment;
Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Others National Conservation Areas

Mangrove transformation in the Incomati Estuary, Maputo Bay, Mozambique
Turismo Baseado na NaturezaGoverno de Mocambique2018




O turismo baseado na natureza é um segmento crescente do mercado de turismo. Esta forma de viagem, permite aos visitantes desfrutar de lugares selvagens pristinos, numa abordagem sustentável. E ao financiar as áreas de conservação, ajudam a garantir a sobrevivência a longo prazo de ecossistemas preciosos. Em Moçambique, espera-se que o turismo baseado na natureza se torne num dos maiores sectores de crescimento do país. Isto deve-se principalmente à riqueza de activos desejáveis de turismo natural e cultural.




O material deste folheto é fornecido como uma fonte geral de informações e não se destina a consultoria de investimento, financeira, jurídica, tributária ou outra. Não constitui ou faz parte de qualquer oferta de emissão ou venda, ou de qualquer solicitação de qualquer oferta para comprar um investimento nas oportunidades aqui contidas, nem deve ou o facto de a sua distribuição formar a base ou ser invocado em conexão com qualquer contracto de oportunidades de investimento.




Todas as Províncias


Portuguese


No Restrictions


General;
Forest Biodiversity;
Mountain Biodiversity;
Marine Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Official Government Document


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Environmental Education;
Protected Areas;
Tourism and Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Turismo Baseado na Natureza
Árvores são vidaWildlife Conservation Society2019






Wildlife Conservation Society






N/A


Portuguese


Permitted


Forest Biodiversity


Others


Environmental Education


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Árvores são vida
Manual Da Turma AmbienteOIKOS, Eco Environment Childhood Organization & Parque Nacional das Quirimbas2019




Este manual destinado aos alunos da escola primária, é um companheiro na viagem à descoberta da Natureza preciosa que nos rodeia. Onde encontramos algumas etapas, realização de exercícios e actividades, nas quais descobrimos os segredos da Biodiversidade de Moçambique.








N/A;
Todas as Províncias


Portuguese


No Restrictions


General


General Information


Environmental Education


Quirimbas National Park

Manual Da Turma Ambiente
BUILDING A WILDLIFE ECONOMY (Working Paper 1: Developing Nature-Based Tourism in Africa’s State Protected Areas)Space for Giants and the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)2019




This working paper is the first in a series produced by Space for Giants and the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) entitled ‘Building a wildlife economy’. The series has been commissioned to inform a framework for the African Union and its member nations for the optimum use of wildlife to diversify and expand their economies, strengthen the livelihoods of their citizens, and achieve ecological resilience in the face of pressing modern social and environmental challenges. Conservation Capital were the lead technical authors of this Working Paper.


Space for Giants






N/A


English


No Restrictions


General


General Information


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.);
Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Communication and Public Awareness;
Environmental Education;
Gender and Biodiversity;
Protected Areas;
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity;
Tourism and Biodiversity;
Community Use of Biodiversity;
Threats to Biodiversity


International Protected Areas

BUILDING A WILDLIFE ECONOMY (Working Paper 1: Developing Nature-Based Tourism in Africa’s State Protected Areas)
Recreational SCUBA diving and reef conservation in southern MozambiquePereira, M. A. M.2003


2001-2002




University of Natal






Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas;
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity;
Tourism and Biodiversity;
Threats to Biodiversity


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve

Recreational SCUBA diving and reef conservation in southern Mozambique
Recreational and sport fishing in Maputo bayPereira, M. & R. van der Elst2014






WIOMSA






Maputo (cidade);
Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas;
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity;
Tourism and Biodiversity


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve

Recreational and sport fishing in Maputo bay
First report of twinning in the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) from Ponta do Ouro, southern MozambiqueLouro, C. M. M. & M. A.M. Pereira2009






Indian Ocean Turtle Newslette






Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve

First report of twinning in the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) from Ponta do Ouro, southern Mozambique
Botanical exploration of the coastal plain south of Maputo Bay, with an emphasis on the Licuati Forest ReserveIzdine, S.; Siebert, S. & van Wyk, B.2003




Named after the Maputo River that runs through it, Maputaland is a region of great scenic beauty and considerable botanical riches. Characteristic of the area are the high, north-south oriented dune cordons on the inland margin of the coastal plain that mark a succession of still stands and deposits during the regression of the Indian Ocean. The youngest of these dunes are probably 10 000-30 000 years old, making them some of the youngest geological formations in southern Africa. Maputaland is also a worldrenowned botanical ‘hotspot’ that was recognized by WWF/IUCN as a ‘Centre of Plant Endemism’ in 1992.


Veld & Flora






Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


General Information


Biological and Cultural Diversity


Forest Reserves

Botanical exploration of the coastal plain south of Maputo Bay, with an emphasis on the Licuati Forest Reserve
Species list and protection attributesA/DS/D












Todas as Províncias


English


No Restrictions


General


Maps and non-georeferenced data (as jpg, pdf, .zip, data etc.)


Biological and Cultural Diversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Species list and protection attributes
Using & restoring the Miombo woodlands: needs for an integrated and holistic approach in ecosystem management for long term sustainabilityMiombo Network2016




Policy decisions made now about how to develop the Miombo region of Africa will have far-reaching consequences for the people living in this region and for the globe. There are currently conflicting viewpoints about the best way to ensure development goals and human livelihoods in the region, while also fulfilling conservation ideals and sequestering carbon. These decisions need to be grounded on solid understanding of the socio-ecology of the system, sound scientific information on the rates and causes of land cover change, and they need to include keyplayers at all levels of governance - from local, to national, to global.








Todas as Províncias


English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


General Information


Ecosystem Restoration;
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


None

Using & restoring the Miombo woodlands: needs for an integrated and holistic approach in ecosystem management for long term sustainability
Marine Turtles in Maputo Bay and SurroundingsLouro, C.2014




For more than 100 million years, marine turtles have roamed the world’s oceans. These impressive ocean navigators, although possessing biological characteristics inherent to terrestrial reptiles, have developed a number of morphological and physiological adaptations for living in the sea, such as flat and paddleshaped like flippers, streamlined body, enlarged lacrimal glands (Limpus, 1997; Meylan and Meylan, 1999; Wyneken, 2000a) and elastic lungs (Lutz, 1988). The life cycle of a marine turtle begins on the shores of sandy beaches when hatchlings emerge from nests (Meylan and Meylan, 1999).


WIOMSA


In: Bandeira, S. and Paula, J. (eds.), The Maputo Bay Ecosystem.




N/A


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Biological and Cultural Diversity


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve;
Inhaca Biological Reserve

Marine Turtles in Maputo Bay and Surroundings
Quantifying the largest aggregation of giant trevally Caranx ignobilis (Carangidae) on record: implications for managementDaly, R., C. A. K. Daly, R. H. Bennett, P. D. Cowley, M. A. M. Pereira & J. D. Filmalter2018


2010-2017




African Journal of Marine Science






Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve

Quantifying the largest aggregation of giant trevally Caranx ignobilis (Carangidae) on record: implications for management
Distribution and community structure of butterflyfishes (Pisces: Chaetodontidae) in southern MozambiquePereira, M. A. M. & E. J. S. Videira2005


2001-2002




Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science






Maputo (cidade);
Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve;
Inhaca Biological Reserve

Distribution and community structure of butterflyfishes (Pisces: Chaetodontidae) in southern Mozambique
Coral reefs of Maputo baySchleyer, M. & M. Pereira2014






WIOMSA






Maputo (cidade);
Maputo


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve;
Inhaca Biological Reserve

Coral reefs of Maputo bay
Natural resource use, crop damage and attitudes of rural people in the vicinity of the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambiquede Boer, W. & Baquete, A.1988




Participation by local communities in management is widely considered a means of sustaining protected areas. In parts of the world with a history of armed conflict, the chances of such an approach being successfully adopted might seem remote. One such area is the Maputo Elephant Reserve in southern Mozambique. The aim was to improve understanding of the local people’s use of natural resources and perceptions of the Reserve’s impact. Interviews and questionnaires distributed in four different villages were used to estimate the relative value of these resources in relation to the attitude of the local people towards the Reserve.


Foundation for Environmental Conservation






Maputo


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Protected Areas


Maputo Special Reserve

Natural resource use, crop damage and attitudes of rural people in the vicinity of the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique
Cosmogenic nuclide age constraints on Middle Stone Age lithics from Niassa, MozambiqueMercader, J. Et al.2012




The late phases of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) in the East African Rift System (EARS) are known for their evolutionary shifts and association with bottlenecks, transcontinental expansion, and climatic fluctuations. The chronology of MSA sites contemporaneous with these eco-demographic upheavals is uncertain because of the scarcity of datable sites and the poor understanding of their depositional and erosional histories. We apply terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide dating in a stratigraphic section with a complex exposure history to the study of the Luchamange Beds, a widespread sedimentological unit underlying MSA sites from the shores of Lake Niassa (Mozambican EARS).


Quaternary Science Reviews






Niassa


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity


Lake Niassa Partial Marine Reserve

Cosmogenic nuclide age constraints on Middle Stone Age lithics from Niassa, Mozambique
New southern geographical records of intertidal sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea), with notes on abundanceMarshall, D.; Hodgson, A. & Pretourius, R.1991






South African Journal of Zoology


Ten species of epifaunal sea urchin were identified at Preslies Bay, Transkei, establishing new southern geographical distributions for seven of the species. Local distributions intertidally, subtidally, and within the Mtakatye estuary were documented. Estimates of abundance on the intertidal rocky shore indicated vertical separation between certain species.


http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02541858.1991.11448250


N/A


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


None

New southern geographical records of intertidal sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea), with notes on abundance
The social world of dreams and nightmares in a post-conflict setting: the case of Gorongosa in central MozambiqueIgreja, V. & Dias-Lambranca, B.2006




The paper describes socio-cultural theories of interpretations of dreams among the population in central Mozambique. In general, dreams are considered a means of communication, conveying important messages that are applied to organize the social world.The prolonged civil war has impacted upon these dreaming systems by adding another dimension to the interpretation. War-related dreams do not serve as communication channels, but are experienced as striking repetitions of past events. In this way, the dreamer is forced to reconcile with his or her own history without the use of interventions that aim to blockth e realization of the dream in a waking state.








Sofala


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity;
Impact Assessment


Gorongosa National Park

The social world of dreams and nightmares in a post-conflict setting: the case of Gorongosa in central Mozambique
When the War Was Over, Little Changed – Women’s Posttraumatic Suffering After the War in MozambiqueIgreja, V.; Kleijn, W. & Richters, A.2006




This article explores the psychosocial effects of women’s prolonged exposure to civil war in the center of Mozambique. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, 91 women were assessed for posttraumatic stress symptoms and psychosocial indicators of ill health. The results indicate that for the majority of the women in this study, traumatic experiences are sequential processes. Their ill health ranges from symptoms of posttraumatic stress to episodes of spirit possession (gamba), affecting women’s capacities to conceive and raise children, and marginalizing their social position.


The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease






Manica;
Sofala


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity;
Impact Assessment


Gorongosa National Park

When the War Was Over, Little Changed – Women’s Posttraumatic Suffering After the War in Mozambique
Alleviating Poverty Through Local Resources and Local Initiatives: A Case Study of Gorongosa Communities in MozambiqueManjoro, A.2013




Despite positive economic growth averaging 8.5% per year since 1992, there have been insignificant inroads realized in the fight against poverty in Mozambique. By 2005 about 50% of the population, mainly the 80% of rural based smallholder farmers that live below the absolute poverty line in Mozambique was considered poor according to the World Bank definition. Although richly endowed with natural resources Sofala, Tete and Inhambane rank amongst the poorest provinces.


ZIMBABWE OPEN UNIVERSITY






Sofala


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Community Use of Biodiversity


Gorongosa National Park

Alleviating Poverty Through Local Resources and Local Initiatives: A Case Study of Gorongosa Communities in Mozambique
Sustainable flood risk management strategies to reduce rural communities’ vulnerability to flooding in MozambiqueLumbroso, D.; Rambsbottom, D. & Spaliveiro, M.2008




This paper details the work undertaken by projects funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) to produce educational material to raise communities’ awareness of flooding and to develop sustainable flood risk management strategies relevant to rural communities in southern Africa.


Journal of Flood Risk Management






Todas as Províncias


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Environmental Education


None

Sustainable flood risk management strategies to reduce rural communities’ vulnerability to flooding in Mozambique
Small and medium forest enterprises in MozambiqueNhancale, B. Et al.2009






IIED Small and Medium Forest Enterprise; CTV & International Institute for Environment and Development


Natural forests and other types of woody vegetation cover 55.3 million hectares of Mozambique’s total land area. Of the total forest, 67% is suitable for timber production. This represents a substantial commercial resource which forest enterprises could use to help achieve the aims of Mozambique’s Action Plan for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty (PARPA) in a country where 70% of the population lives in rural areas.




Todas as Províncias


English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures


None

Small and medium forest enterprises in Mozambique
Evaluation of Satellite Rainfall Estimates for Drought and Flood Monitoring in MozambiqueToté, C. Et al.2015


2001-2012


Satellite derived rainfall products are useful for drought and flood early warning and overcome the problem of sparse, unevenly distributed and erratic rain gauge observations, provided their accuracy is well known. Mozambique is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events such as major droughts and floods and thus, an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of different rainfall products is valuable. Three dekadal (10-day) gridded satellite rainfall products (TAMSAT African Rainfall Climatology And Time-series (TARCAT) v2.0, Famine Early Warning System NETwork (FEWS NET) Rainfall Estimate (RFE) v2.0, and Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS)) are compared to independent gauge data (2001–2012).


remote sensing






Todas as Províncias


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments;
Threats to Biodiversity


None

Evaluation of Satellite Rainfall Estimates for Drought and Flood Monitoring in Mozambique
Plurality of religion, plurality of justice: exploring the role of religion in disputing processes in Gorongosa, Central MozambiqueJacobs, C.2010




It was a rainy day in the beginning of December 2007 when an accident happened on the muddy road between Gorongosa town and Vunduzi in a rural district in central Mozambique. On a curve of a slippery slope, a pick-up truck hit an upcoming motor bike coming from the opposite direction. The motor bike rider was life-threatening wounded. It was soon rumoured however that the actual ‘target’ of the incident had not been the motor driver, but the car driver. The latter’s wife had died two months earlier under what were considered suspicious circumstances. Soon after the pick-up truck driver’s wife had a meal at her sister-in-law’s place, she fell sick and died. Her in-laws were suspected of having killed her by poisoning.


Wageningen University






Sofala


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity


Gorongosa National Park

Plurality of religion, plurality of justice: exploring the role of religion in disputing processes in Gorongosa, Central Mozambique
Mozambique: the challenge of fighting external dependence, between aid and hydrocarbonsQuartapelle, L.2011




The discovery of the Mamba gas field, off the coast of the Quirimbas Island, in Mozambique, has definitively subverted the way Mozambique is perceived as a country. Generally portrayed as one of the poorest countries in the world, devoid of the mineral riches of neighboring South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, after the 20th of October 2011, Mozambique turned to be home to the single biggest gas discovery by the Italian gas company, ENI. This discovery, coupled with Anadarko’s finding in the Rovuma basin, could position Mozambique as the 25th gas producer in the world.








N/A


English


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Quirimbas National Park

Mozambique: the challenge of fighting external dependence, between aid and hydrocarbons
The Role of Local Institutions in Reducing Vulnerability to Recurrent Natural Disasters and in Sustainable Livelihoods Development. Case study Assessing the Role of Local Institutions in Reducing the Vulnerability of At-Risk Communities in Búzi, Central MozambiqueMatsimbe, Z.2003




This study aims at understanding the role of local institutions and organisations in reducing people’s vulnerability to natural hazards. It w as based in Búzi District, where two villages, namely Munamícua and Boca, were selected for the fieldwork. Both sites still reflect the impact of the events of 2000 in the highly vulnerable livelihoods of their households. The research methodology involved multidisciplinary methods and techniques. Data was gathered from a number of institutions before the fieldwork was conducted.


University of Cape Town






Sofala


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Climate Change and Biodiversity;
Threats to Biodiversity


None

The Role of Local Institutions in Reducing Vulnerability to Recurrent Natural Disasters and in Sustainable Livelihoods Development. Case study Assessing the Role of Local Institutions in Reducing the Vulnerability of At-Risk Communities in Búzi, Central Mozambique
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