Context of the implementation of the mitigation hierarchy in Mozambique

Given the increased exploitation of natural resources in Mozambique over the past decade, with a simultaneous rapid increase in negative environmental and social impacts, there is an urgent need to reconcile economic development and the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, on which the majority of Mozambican population depends for its livelihood.

A promising approach is expressed in the balance of impacts on biodiversity resulting from development projects, and the measures taken to avoid and minimise these impacts, to ensure restoration at project site, and finally, if there are non-negligible significant impacts, to offset such impacts, by producing measurable conservation results in an appropriate geographical scale (for example, local, landscape level, national and/or regional). This approach is based on the adequate application of the mitigation hierarchy, which proponents of category A / A + development projects are required to follow in accordance with the Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation 54/2015 of 31 December.

The main objective of the application of the mitigation hierarchy is to achieve No Net Loss (NNL) and preferably to obtain a Net Gain (NG) of Biodiversity in relation to species composition, habitat structure, function of the ecosystem and of the use of people and cultural values associated with biodiversity, in a  different area from the impact site.

No Net Loss (NNL) means it is assumed that some important biodiversity will be lost due to the development of a project in a particular place and period of time, but that equivalent biodiversity will be gained somewhere else, in the same or greater quantity and quality, compared to which existed before the project and the biodiversity offset management plan.

Net Gain (GL) of biodiversity when the gains resulting from adequate implementation of the mitigation hierarchy exceed the losses.

Currently, the Government of Mozambique is developing specific legal instruments to regulate the implementation of biodiversity offsets in Mozambique.

bfe-m-1

+100 Países

Currently, the Government of Mozambique is developing specific legal instruments to regulate the implementation of biodiversity offsets in Mozambique.

bfe-m-2

+4.8 Bilhões de USD

Currently, the Government of Mozambique is developing specific legal instruments to regulate the implementation of biodiversity offsets in Mozambique.

bfe-m-3

+50 Bilhões de USD

Currently, the Government of Mozambique is developing specific legal instruments to regulate the implementation of biodiversity offsets in Mozambique.

The Biodiversity Offsets Program

There has been a growing involvement of the Environmental Funds in biodiversity offset schemes worldwide. Since 2017, BIOFUND has been implementing the Biodiversity Offsets Programme with the main objective of supporting the Government of Mozambique in creating a legal, technical and financial enabling environment for an effective implementation of the mitigation hierarchy in Mozambique.

This programme is part of the strategic actions of BIOFUND to explore innovative financing mechanisms to support conservation of biodiversity in Mozambique. In this context, BIOFUND has been collaborating with the Government of Mozambique, WCS through the COMBO project, civil society, academia, and private sector to define appropriate mechanisms to implement an aggregate system of biodiversity offsets following the principles laid down in the RoadMap for achieving Biodiversity Offsets in Mozambique designed by the World Bank in 2016.

The mitigation hierarchy and the biodiversity offsets are considered as an additional financial mechanism to support the conservation of biodiversity in Mozambique in the BIOFUND Strategic Plan 2018-2022.

Videos

Objectives

The biodiversity offsets programme has as its main strategic objectives:

bfe-obj-1

To contribute to the inclusion of the mitigation hierarchy and biodiversity offsets in specific policies

bfe-obj-2

To develop the internal technical and institutional capacity to serve as a financial mechanism for biodiversity offset projects

bfe-obj-3

To promote multi-sector training and exchange of experiences at national and international level about applying the mitigation hierarchy and biodiversity offsets

bfe-obj-4

To contribute for the effective implementation of biodiversity offset pilot projects in the country

Outcomes

bfe-res-1

+1000

PEOPLE

Participated in meetings and conferences on mitigation hierarchy and biodiversity offsets in Mozambique

bfe-res-2

79

INSTITUTIONS

From the government, private sector, CSOs, and academia involved in developing the mitigation hierarchy in Mozambique

bfe-res-3

14

INTERNATIONAL EVENTS

On environmental impact assessment, conservation, spatial planning and fundraising

bfe-res-4

2

EXPERIENCE EXCHANGE VISITS

Involving government, private sector and CSOs of Madagascar, Mozambique and Uganda

bfe-res-5

+1.25

MILLION USD

Mobilised to implement pilot projects in Mozambique

News

Publications

Partners

COMBO Project, implemented by Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Forest Trends and Biotope, the UNDPBIOFIN and BIOSFAC Projects, MozBio 2 Project, through the World Bank. The COMBO Project, the main technical partner of BIOFUND, is an initiative led by the WCS. It is a four-year initiative, involving four countries, to expand and improve application of the mitigation hierarchy and No Net Loss in Guinea, Madagascar, Mozambique, and Uganda. This project is financed by the French Development Agency (AFD), by the French Fund for the Environment (FFEM) and by the Mava Foundation.
Este projecto é financiado pela Agência Francesa de Desenvolvimento (AFD), pelo Fundo Francês para o Ambiente (FFEM) e pela Fundação Mava.

The BIOSFAC project is an initiative with the objective of promoting the diversification of ecosystem services and goods for the financial sustainability and management of fauna in conservation areas in   Mozambique.

The MozBio 2 project is an initiative from the Government of Mozambique implemented by the National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS) with the financial support of the World Bank which seeks to increase effective management of the conservation areas and improve local communities’ livelihood.

The UNDP/BIOFIN project is a global initiative that seeds to develop innovative financial mechanisms in Mozambique to improve financing for the conservation of biodiversity. The main institutions for implementing BIOFIN in Mozambique are the Ministry of Land and Environment and the Ministry of Economy and Finance.

The Mozambican Government, represented by the Ministry of Land and Environment – National Directorate of the Environment and all of civil society at national and local level, identified as key stakeholders for ensuring implementation of the Mitigation Hierarchy, No Net Loss and Biodiversity Offsets in Mozambique.

Training on Application of Mitigation Hierarchy in Mozambique: Procedures to achieve No Net Loss or Net Gain of Biodiversity

To subscribe click here