Virtual Library

The BIOFUND Virtual Library is an online archive of information on Mozambique’s biodiversity, organized along the lines suggested by the Convention on Biodiversity’s Clearing House Mechanism. The Virtual Library will strive to make available all the documents, studies, reports, articles, educational and communications materials, maps and digital files that have been produced, to serve as a repository of our collective institutional memory as a conservation community. The usefulness of the Virtual Library will improve the more we share amongst ourselves. If you have any materials that are not currently part of the Virtual Library, please click on "Add Document" and become a contributor.

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Title Author Year of Publication
AUTOMATIC TYPE CLASSIFICATION AND SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION OF AFRICAN ELEPHANT VOCALIZATIONSPatrick J. Clemins & Michael T. Johnson2012


N/A






Animal Behavio


This paper presents systems for automatically classifying elephant vocalizations by type and for identifying the speaker of a given vocalization. The method applies techniques from the speech processing field, with modifications, to elephant vocalizations. The features used for classification are 12 Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients computed using a chirp Z-transform to interpolate among the lower frequencies. A Hidden Markov Model is trained for each type of vocalization and vocalizations are classified using leave-one-out verification. Using this system, initial classification accuracies of 77.0% for type classification and 72.2% for speaker identification resulted. These systems represent the initial stages of a universal analysis...




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

AUTOMATIC TYPE CLASSIFICATION AND SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION OF AFRICAN ELEPHANT VOCALIZATIONS
SURVEY PAPER ON ELEPHANT TRACKING USING ACOUSTIC SENSORKanchana.V2016


N/A






International Journal of Scientific Development and Research


Rail Elephant Conflict (REC) has been rise in the various regions in India and across the world. Large numbers of elephant where died in train accident .Tracking of elephant is difficult due to their size and nature of movement. By using acoustic sensor it helps to track the elephant vocalization. Acoustic sensor deal with existing methodologies through their effectiveness and accuracy in monitoring elephant sound without cause any harm to them .while, at the same time, helping the elephant from death. These papers address the survey of elephant tracking.




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

SURVEY PAPER ON ELEPHANT TRACKING USING ACOUSTIC SENSOR
Tackling routes to coexistence Human elephant conflict in sub Saharan AfricaEva M. Gross2019


N/A












English


No Restrictions


General


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Community Use of Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Tackling routes to coexistence Human elephant conflict in sub Saharan Africa
A MARKET ASSESSMENT OF THE HONEY INDUSTRY IN SOFALA PROVINCEBrooke Bush2010


Sofala












English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

A MARKET ASSESSMENT OF THE HONEY INDUSTRY IN SOFALA PROVINCE
Household Vulnerability and Transformability in Limpopo National ParkMichel Noteli, Anneli Ekblom2021


Gaza


https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052597




MPDI


In this paper, household vulnerability in Limpopo National Park (LNP) is discussed in relation to interannual climate variability and the effects of the park itself. Climate variability is high and projected to increase with climate change. Meanwhile, the establishment of the national park in 2002 has added both challenges and possibilities. We present the results of livelihood surveys car‐ ried out 2013 and discuss changes taking place in and around the park until present day. Constraints and possibilities for endurability of households are discussed. In conclusion, the vulnerability of the LNP households to climate change is high, but there are a number of strategies in place to ensure endurability. Migrant labour is vital...


2020


English


No Restrictions


General;
Forest Biodiversity;
Mountain Biodiversity;
Other Terrestrial Biodiversity;
Inland Waters and Wetlands Biodiversity;
Marine Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Climate Change and Biodiversity;
Impact Assessment


Limpopo National Park

Household Vulnerability and Transformability in Limpopo National Park
THE MAPUTO BAY ECOSYSTEMSalomão Bandeira, José Paula and Célia Macamo2014


Maputo












English


No Restrictions


Inland Waters and Wetlands Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity;
Threats to Biodiversity


None

THE MAPUTO BAY ECOSYSTEM
A second record of Scolecomorphus kirkii Boulenger, 1883 (Gymnophiona: Scolecomorphidae) for MozambiqueHarith Omar Morgadinho Farooq and Werner Conradie2015


Cabo Delgado;
Nampula;
Niassa








The herpetofauna of northern Mozambique (Nampula, Niassa, and Cabo Degabo Provinces) remains one of the most poorly-known in Africa. This is a consequence of the physical inaccessibility of the region as well as the protracted civil war, which affected the study of many areas. Mozambique is expected to have a large diversity of herpetofauna due to the variety of different habitat types available and the large size (area) of the country. The lack of scientific studies of northern Mozambique has led to widely disparate and inaccurate summaries of the herpetofaunal diversity of the country.




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

A second record of Scolecomorphus kirkii Boulenger, 1883 (Gymnophiona: Scolecomorphidae) for Mozambique
Impactos Socioeconômicos das Plantações Florestais no Niassa, MoçambiqueTeresa Guila Nube, Anadalvo Santos Juazeiro dos Santos, Romano Timofeiczyk Junior, Ivan Crespo Silva2016


Niassa


dx.doi.org/10.1590/2179-8087.038813




Floresta e Ambiente


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os impactos socioeconômicos das plantações florestais nas comunidades da província do Niassa, Moçambique. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 423 chefes de famílias residentes no entorno das empresas florestais. Os dados foram obtidos mediante aplicação de questionários direcionados aos gestores das empresas florestais e membros do governo, e analisados com uso de estatística descritiva, tendo-se considerado o período anterior e posterior à instalação das empresas florestais. Os resultados evidenciaram melhorias de condições de vida das famílias, sobretudo aquelas que têm emprego nas empresas florestais. Porém, a presença das empresas florestais reduziu a dependência e a acessibilidade...


2013-2015


English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


Niassa National Reserve

Impactos Socioeconômicos das Plantações Florestais no Niassa, Moçambique
Study of the distribution, abundance and conservation status of common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibious)BassAir2016


N/A












Portuguese


No Restrictions


Inland Waters and Wetlands Biodiversity


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Study of the distribution, abundance and conservation status of common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibious)
Assessment of the human wildlife conflict mitigation measures being implemented by the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) Partner CountriesKAZA TFCA Secretariat2016


N/A












English


No Restrictions


General


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Communication and Public Awareness


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Assessment of the human wildlife conflict mitigation measures being implemented by the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA TFCA) Partner Countries
Socio-economic impacts of private land use investment on ruralcommunities: Industrial forest plantations in Niassa, MozambiqueMaja Bleyera, Matleena Kniiviläb, Paula Horne, Almeida Sitoe, Mário Paulo Falcão2016


Niassa


0.1016/j.landusepol.2015.11.011




Land Use Policy


East Africa has experienced an increase of private land use investments in the past years. Rural householdshave consequently faced crucial changes in their livelihoods. This paper explores the socio-economicimpacts of industrial forest plantations on rural communities in Niassa, Mozambique. According to ourresults private forest plantations have the potential to positively impact local people’s wealth and well-being, if enough emphasis is given to minimizing the negative impacts. The household survey data of218 observations from five villages were analyzed using binary and multinomial logistic regression anal-yses. The study shows that forest plantations have threatened the basis of traditional rural livelihoodsby reducing the availabi...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.)


Niassa National Reserve

Socio-economic impacts of private land use investment on ruralcommunities: Industrial forest plantations in Niassa, Mozambique
Biodiversity Express Survey, The Njesi Plateau expedition, Niassa, MozambiqueJustin Clause, Lore Geeraert, Gabriel Jamie, Emidio Sunbane, Tim van Berkel2017


Niassa








The mountains of northern Mozambique - archipelagos of scattered inselbergs topped with evergreen forests - remain poorly known biologically. Their long geological isolation from the east African rift combined with the conflict-fractured history of Mozambique meant that while they represent an area of clear biological interest they have been subject to very little biological research until recent years. Most recent efforts have focused on the mountains in north-central Mozambique such as Mts Mabu and Namuli, highlighting their unique biological value through landmark discoveries of previously undocumented montane forests and multiple new species to science. Results from this work indicate that Mozambique’s mountains may be distinct bioge...


2016


English


No Restrictions


General


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Biodiversity Express Survey, The Njesi Plateau expedition, Niassa, Mozambique
ESTIMATING AMOUNT OF BIOMASS LOSS AND CARBON RELEASED TO THE ATMOSPHERE AS A RESULT OF HABITAT CONVERSION OF EASTERN SELOUS – NIASSA TFCAAdili Y. Zella, Josephat Saria and Yohana Lawi.2017


Niassa






Int. J. Adv. Res


Countries’ authorities that managing unfenced protected areas (PAs) as an effort to maintain biodiversity and ecosystem services, airs challenges of climate change and variability which disturb habitat and force wildlife to move to other unprotected areas for adaptation purposes. This scenario necessited the inclusion of those adapted areas into PAs network and recategorise the abandoned areas in the PAs. The unprotected areas include wildlife corridors which connects two or more PAs within the country or transboundary areas famously known as transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs). However, corridor dwellers especially in developing countries unsustainably utilizing corridor fauna and flora for their livelihoods. This paper explain...




English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Climate Change and Biodiversity


Niassa National Reserve

ESTIMATING AMOUNT OF BIOMASS LOSS AND CARBON RELEASED TO THE ATMOSPHERE AS A RESULT OF HABITAT CONVERSION OF EASTERN SELOUS – NIASSA TFCA
ASSESSMENT OF DEGRADED FOREST LAND AND DEVELOPMENT OF A RESTORATION PROGRAM FOR DJABULA AND DERRE FORESTSNatasha Ribeiro, Aniceto Chaúque and Ivan Remane2011


Zambézia








IUCN is implementing since end 2007 the Livelihood and Landscape Strategies Program (LLS) in Djabula, Maputo Province and Derre Forets Reserve, Zambézia Province. The goal of the LLS Program is twofold: i) to improve landscape sustainable management; and ii) to improve income generation for local communities through forest-based activities. Specific goals for each project site are: 1) to support discussions and review policies governing the land and resources tenure and, land use rights of communities living in and around the Derre Forest Reserve; and 2) to establish a community wood bank for artisans in Djabula Forest.


2003-2009


English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Ecosystem Restoration;
Impact Assessment


Forest Reserves

ASSESSMENT OF DEGRADED FOREST LAND AND DEVELOPMENT OF A RESTORATION PROGRAM FOR DJABULA AND DERRE FORESTS
RELATÓRIO ANUAL SOBRE GOVERNAÇÃO AMBIENTAL 2020Centro Terra Viva2020


Cabo Delgado;
Gaza;
Tete






Centro Terra Viva


O Centro Terra Viva (CTV) deu início à produção do Relatório Anual sobre Governação Ambiental (RAGA) em 2010, com o objectivo de contribuir para a boa governação na gestão do ambiente e dos recursos naturais em Moçambique, promovendo maior justiça social, equidade e sustentabilidade no acesso e uso dos recursos naturais. Anualmente, é selecionado um tema que constitui objecto de estudo, de modo a analisar com detalhe um determinado assunto sobre governação ambiental. Assim, para o ano 2019, foi escolhido o tema “Medidas de adaptação e resiliência às mudanças climáticas nos processos de reassentamento”. Como estudos de caso foram identificados três processos de reassentamento localizados nas zonas sul, centro e norte do país, nomeadamente: i) Reassentamento no Parque Nacional do Limpopo, na Província de Gaza; ii) Reassentamento nas comunidades 25 de Setembro e Cateme na Província de Tete e, iii) Reassentamento em Namanhumbir, na Província de Cabo Delgado. Para esta pesquisa foram estabelecidos quatro objectivos principais: i) Análise das medidas de adaptação e resiliência às mudanças climáticas estabelecidas no quadro legal vigente sobre reassentamentos; ii) Análise das características dos locais selecionados para a construção da aldeia de reassentamento e do tipo de infraestruturas construídas; iii) Análise do processo de restauração de meios de vida das famílias afectadas (reassentadas e hospedeiras) e medidas de resiliência adoptadas face às mudanças climáticas; e iv) Produção de recomendações que visam a melhoria dos processos em curso e futuros. Para a realização da pesquisa foi usada uma combinação de métodos quantitativos e qualitativos. Para o efeito, foi feita uma revisão bibliográfica e recolhidos dados no terreno através dos diferentes serviços especializados, de medições e entrevistas. As entrevistas foram ministradas aos membros das comunidades e a técnicos do Estado, das empresas envolvidas nos projectos seleccionados, bem como das organizações da sociedade civil que trabalham em áreas relevantes para a presente pesquisa.




Portuguese


No Restrictions


General


General Information


Community Use of Biodiversity


Limpopo National Park

RELATÓRIO ANUAL SOBRE GOVERNAÇÃO AMBIENTAL 2020
Estudo de Lições Aprendidas e Boas Práticas de Reabilitação do Mangal: Avaliação do programa de restauração de mangal no Estuário do Limpopo (Gaza), Tsolombane em Matutuine (Maputo), Nhangau (Sofala), Inhassunge e Macuze (Zambézia) e Mecúfi e Metuge (Cabo Delgado)Salomão Bandeira, Célia Macamo, Rosalina Mahazule e Hugo Mabilana2016


Cabo Delgado;
Gaza;
Maputo;
Sofala;
Zambézia








Moçambique está entre os cinco Países com a maior área de mangal em Africa, sendo o primeiro na África Oriental. Estas florestas cobrem mais de 305.400 hectares ao longo das costas sul, centro e norte, e desempenham um papel muito importante na vida das comunidades locais. Formas de uso intensivas e não sustentáveis concorrem para a degradação do mangal no país, e entre as principais ameaças se destaca a exploração de recursos madeireiros, a expansão urbana e causas naturais. No país, estão em curso várias iniciativas de restauração de florestas de mangal, com o objectivo principal de restaurar as suas funções ecológicas e socioeconómicas, cujas comunidades locais são os primeiros beneficiários. Este estudo tem por objectivo documentar várias experiências de restauração de mangal no país, analisando de forma crítica todo o processo de restauração, e permitindo um aprendizado de lições positivas, assim como identificação de aspectos por melhorar. Também visa estabelecer as bases para o desenho de uma Estratégia e Plano de Acção Nacional para a restauração de mangal no país. Foram visitados 6 locais abrangidos pelo PASA, com o programa de restauração de mangal, a saber: no sul (na Província de Maputo, no Distrito de Matutuine, em Tsolombane; na Província de Gaza, no Distrito de Xai-Xai, Posto Administrativo de Zongoene, na Foz do rio Limpopo Povoado de Mahielane). No centro (na Província de Sofala, Distrito da Beira, em Nhangau; Província da Zambézia, Distrito de Inhassunge em Mussama e Distrito de Namacurra em Macuze). Norte (na Província de Cabo Delgado, Distrito de Mecúfi e Distrito de Metuge). No geral pode se concluir que o programa de reabilitação de mangais deixou como principal legado o aprendizado, que vai permitir que no futuro as falhas sejam corrigidas e melhores programas sejam implementados. Contudo, vale salientar que o processo de restauração do mangal deve ser contínuo, sendo que a capacidade técnica, o monitoramento/acompanhamento a sensibilização e envolvimento da comunidade, a parceria com outras entidades não-governamentais ao lado de uma planificação adequada são factores importantes para o sucesso do programa.




Portuguese


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Management Plans, Biodiversity Counterbalance Plans, and the like


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments;
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


Quirimbas National Park;
Limpopo National Park;
Forest Reserves

Estudo de Lições Aprendidas e Boas Práticas de Reabilitação do Mangal: Avaliação do programa de restauração de mangal no Estuário do Limpopo (Gaza), Tsolombane em Matutuine (Maputo), Nhangau (Sofala), Inhassunge e Macuze (Zambézia) e Mecúfi e Metuge (Cabo Delgado)
Estratégia de Gestão do Mangal 2020-2024Governo de Moçambique2020


Todas as Províncias








A Estratégia Gestão do Mangal, também é um documento que se constitue num instrumento de política concebida para combater e reverter a situação de degradação e destruição do ecossistema de mangal no País. Pretende-se, também, que este instrumento acrescente valor aos esforços que vêm sendo desenvolvidos para impulsionar e orientar a regulação dos direitos, deveres e obrigações quanto ao uso sustentável do ecossistema de mangal em Moçambique. O objectivo desta Estratégia é de manter ou aumentar a biodiversidade, os valores e a função do ecossistema do mangal, de modo a responder às necessidades de protecção ambiental em estuários e zonas costeiras. Pretende-se também que esta estratégia contribua para minimizar os efeitos do aquecimento global através do processo de sequestro e armazenamento de carbono, absorvendo dióxido de carbono da atmosfera e contribuir de forma significativa para o alcance do ODS 14. A implementação da estratégia pode também abrir novos caminhos para o auto-emprego, como o ecoturismo, restauração e replantio, a aquacultura e a apicultura, ajudando a melhorar as condições socio-económicas das comunidades costeiras.




Portuguese


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Official Government Document


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.)


Quirimbas National Park;
Bazaruto Archipelago National Park;
Marromeu Special Reserve;
Primeiras e Segundas Islands Environmental Protection Area;
Forest Reserves

Estratégia de Gestão do Mangal 2020-2024
A DOG WITH TWO MASTERS: FRAGMENTED AND INEFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF MANGROVES IN MOZAMBIQUEManuel Castiano2020


Todas as Províncias






IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and WWF Moçambique


Mangroves in Mozambique are mostly located in coastal areas, deltas, and estuaries of main rivers, and are widespread all over the country. Due to mangroves’ recognized ecological function in protecting shorelines from floods and cyclones, concerns regarding the increase in mangrove degradradation are now high on the agenda of the government of Mozambique. It has expressed and built a constitutional, political, strategic, and legal foundation which impact on mangrove conservation, management, and restoration. Political will and joint engagement of multiple governmental agencies with a role in mangroves, as well as Civil Society Organizations, local communities, and the private sector are required to promote mangrove conservation. It has been reported that there is already ongoing joint engagement in some areas. Despite national and international commitments, Mozambique still faces key challenges to domesticate international legally binding instruments and to secure the effective implementation of fragmented and diverse legal provisions, causing difficulties in understanding and enforcing the legal framework governing mangroves in a holistic, consistent and comprehensive way. Another challenge is connected to the effectiveness of protected areas, which is linked to coastal development, the discovery of mining resources on the coast, and wetland and aquaculture development. Draft




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


Forest Reserves

A DOG WITH TWO MASTERS: FRAGMENTED AND INEFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF MANGROVES IN MOZAMBIQUE
Mozambique Mangrove Mapping via Satellite from 1994 – 2016Aurelie Shapiro2018


Todas as Províncias






WWF Moçambique


Mozambique has over 300,000 hectares of mangroves along its coast, which is the larg-est tract of mangrove forest in Africa, and ranks the country 13th in the word in terms of mangrove extent. WWF-Germany and WWF-Mozambique have partnered to map Mozambique’s mangroves in efforts to conserve, manage and restore them. This analysis estimates mangrove extent in Mozambique over nearly three decades using consistent methods and the newest satellite technologies available. This report presents the map-ping results by province and is the first extensive national level assessment of mangroves at the national scale using highest resolution available. This assessment uses several satellite technologies: the Landsat Thematic Mapper, En-hanced Thematic mapper and Optical Land Imager provide the long term time series for change mapping at 30m resolution. Additionally, data from the new Sentinel-2 were used. This sensor launched in 2015 by the European Space Agency, and provides data similar to Landsat 8, but with 3times higher resolution and additional spectral bands. This dataset was used to map Mozambique’s mangroves at 10m resolution for the year 2016.




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Maps and non-georeferenced data (as jpg, pdf, .zip, data etc.)


Protected Areas


Quirimbas National Park;
Bazaruto Archipelago National Park;
Maputo Special Reserve;
Marromeu Special Reserve;
Niassa National Reserve;
Primeiras e Segundas Islands Environmental Protection Area;
Others National Conservation Areas

Mozambique Mangrove Mapping via Satellite from 1994 – 2016
Mapping Africa’s Biodiversity: More of the Same Is Just Not Good EnoughHARITH FAROOQ, JOSUÉ A.R. AZEVEDO, AMADEU SOARES, ALEXANDRE ANTONELLI1, and SOREN FAURBY2020


N/A








Species distribution data are fundamental to the understanding of biodiversity patterns and processes. Yet, such data are strongly affected by sampling biases, mostly related to site accessibility. The understanding of these biases is therefore crucial in systematics, biogeography, and conservation. Herewe present a novel approach for quantifying sampling effort and its impact on biodiversity knowledge, focusing on Africa. In contrast to previous studies assessing sampling completeness (percentage of species recorded in relation to predicted), we investigate whether the lack of knowledge of a site attracts scientists to visit these areas and collect samples of species...




English


No Restrictions


General


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


None

Mapping Africa’s Biodiversity: More of the Same Is Just Not Good Enough
Effective implementation of age restrictions increases selectivity of sport hunting of the African lionColleen M. Begg, Jennifer R. B. Miller, Keith S. Begg12017


Niassa


DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12951




Journal of Applied Ecology


1. Sport hunting of wildlife can play a role in conservation but can also drive population declines if not managed sustainably. Previous simulation modelling found that large felid species could theoretically be hunted sustainably by restricting harvests to older individuals that have likely reproduced. Several African countries currently use age-based hunting for lions although the outcomes have yet to be evaluated in a wild population. 2. Here we provide the first empirical evidence that a system of incentives sufficiently encouraged age-based hunting and reduced offtake of a wild felid, thereby reducing the potential risk of unsustainable hunting on a threatened species. We examined long-term hunting data and the lion population trend..




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Effective implementation of age restrictions increases selectivity of sport hunting of the African lion
Characterization of the Primary Metabolome of Brachystegia boehmii and Colophospermum mopane under Different Fire Regimes in Miombo and Mopane African WoodlandsJossias A. Duvane, Tiago F. Jorge, Ivete Maquia, Natasha Ribeiro4, Ana I. F. Ribeiro-Barros and Carla António2017


Gaza;
Niassa


doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02130




Frontiers in Plant Science


Miombo and Mopane are ecological and economic important woodlands from Africa, highly affected by a combination of climate change factors, and anthropogenic fires. Although most species of these ecosystems are fire tolerant, the mechanisms that lead to adaptive responses (metabolic reconfiguration) are unknown. In this context, the aim of this study was to characterize the primary metabolite composition of typical legume trees from these ecosystems, namely, Brachystegia boehmii (Miombo) and Colophospermum mopane (Mopane) subjected to different fire regimes. Fresh leaves from each species were collected in management units and landscapes across varied fire frequencies in the Niassa National Reserve (NNR) and Limpopo National Park (LNP) in...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Limpopo National Park;
Niassa National Reserve

Characterization of the Primary Metabolome of Brachystegia boehmii and Colophospermum mopane under Different Fire Regimes in Miombo and Mopane African Woodlands
Patterns of for est loss in one of Africa’s last remaining wilderness areas: Niassa national reserve (northern Mozambique)James R. Allan, Falk Grossmann, Rob Craig, Alastair Nelson, Joseph Maina, Kathleen Flower, James Bampton, Jean-Bap􀆟ste Deffontaines, Cornelio Miguel, Baldeu Araquechande and James E.M. Watson2017


Niassa


DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.CH.2017.PARKS-23-2JRA.en




PARKS


Niassa National Reserve (NNR) supports Mozambique’s largest populations of endangered fauna and sustains the livelihoods of > 40,000 people who utilise its natural resources. Accurately monitoring finescale spatial and temporal trends in land-use and tree-cover is increasingly used for monitoring the ecological state of conservation areas. Here we provide essential information on land-use changes in NNR to support ongoing conservation efforts in the region. We examined patterns of forest and woodland loss in NNR between 2001 and 2014 using high resolution maps of global tree-cover change, and compared this with changes in the wider region. We found that NNR lost 108 km2 of forest (0.9 per cent of its 11,970 km2 aggregated forest extent)...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Patterns of for est loss in one of Africa’s last remaining wilderness areas: Niassa national reserve (northern Mozambique)
Soil Analysis for FERTILITY DECLINE ASSESSMENT AND ITS RECOVERING FOR SUSTAINABLE & PERMANENT FOOD CROPS PRODUCTION IN MBAMBAJacinto M. Mafalacusser2017


N/A






Niassa CARNIVORE Project






English


No Restrictions


General


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Soil Analysis for FERTILITY DECLINE ASSESSMENT AND ITS RECOVERING FOR SUSTAINABLE & PERMANENT FOOD CROPS PRODUCTION IN MBAMBA
New insights from Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve of Mozambique increasing the genetic diversity of Trypanosoma vivax and Trypanosoma vivax-like in tsetse flies, wild ungulates and livestock from East AfricaCarla MF Rodrigues, Herakles A Garcia, Adriana C Rodrigues, André G Costa-Martins, Carlos L Pereira, Dagmar L Pereira , Zakaria Bengaly, Luis Neves, Erney P Camargo, Patrick B Hamilton and Marta MG Teixeira2017


Niassa;
Sofala


DOI 10.1186/s13071-017-2241-2




Parasites & Vectors


Background: Trypanosoma (Duttonella) vivax is a major pathogen of livestock in Africa and South America (SA), and genetic studies limited to small sampling suggest greater diversity in East Africa (EA) compared to both West Africa (WA) and SA. Methods: Multidimensional scaling and phylogenetic analyses of 112 sequences of the glycosomal glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (gGAPDH) gene and 263 sequences of the internal transcribed spacer of rDNA (ITS rDNA) were performed to compare trypanosomes from tsetse flies from Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve of Mozambique (MZ), wild ungulates and livestock from EA, and livestock isolates from WA and SA. Results: Multidimensional scaling (MDS) supported Tvv (T. vivax) and TvL




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Gorongosa National Park;
Niassa National Reserve

New insights from Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve of Mozambique increasing the genetic diversity of Trypanosoma vivax and Trypanosoma vivax-like in tsetse flies, wild ungulates and livestock from East Africa
Using species traits to predict detectability of animals on aerial surveysS. SCHLOSSBERG,M. J. CHASE, AND C. R. GRIFFIN2018


N/A






Ecological Applications


In animal surveys, detectability can vary widely across species. We hypothesized that detectability of animals should be a function of species traits such as mass, color, and mean herd size. We also hypothesized that models of detectability based on species traits can be used to predict detectability for new species not in the original data set, leading to substantial benefits for ecology and conservation. We tested these hypotheses with double-observer aerial surveys of 10 mammal species in northern Botswana. We combined all 10 species and modeled their detectability with species traits (mass, mean herd size, color) as predictors while controlling for observer effects, vegetation, and herd size. We found support for effects of mass and...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Using species traits to predict detectability of animals on aerial surveys
An assessment of the water source areas of Mozambique: Umbeluzi catchment, Niassa and Cabo Delgado ProvincesDavid C Le Maitre, Lindie Smith-Adao & Patrick O’Farrell2018


Cabo Delgado;
Maputo;
Niassa












English


No Restrictions


Inland Waters and Wetlands Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


None

An assessment of the water source areas of Mozambique: Umbeluzi catchment, Niassa and Cabo Delgado Provinces
The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in achieving big bold conservation targetsNigel Dudley, Holly Jonas, Fred Nelson, Jeffrey Parrish, Aili Pyh€al, Sue Stolton & James E.M. Watson2018


N/A


doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00424




Global Ecology and Conservation


Continued biodiversity loss has prompted calls for half of the planet to be set aside for nature e including E. O Wilson's “Half-Earth” approach and the Wild Foundation's “Nature Needs Half” initiative. These efforts have provided a necessary wake-up call and drawn welcome global attention for the urgent need for increased action on conserving biodiversity and nature in general. Yet they have also sparked debate within the conservation community, particularly due to the huge practical and political obstacles to establishing or expanding protected areas on this scale. The new designation of “other effective areabased conservation measures” (OECMs) provides the opportunity for formal recognition of and support for areas delivering...




English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Protected Areas


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in achieving big bold conservation targets
Local costs of conservation exceed those borne by the global majorityJonathan M.H. Green, Brendan Fisher , Rhys E. Green , Joseph Makero , Philip J. Platts , Neema Robert , Marije Schaafsma, R. Kerry Turner, Andrew Balmford2017


N/A






Global Ecology and Conservation


Cost data are crucial in conservation planning to identify more efficient and equitable land use options. However, many studies focus on just one cost type and neglect others, particularly those borne locally. We develop, for a high priority conservation area, spatial models of two local costs that arise from protected areas: foregone agricultural opportunities and increased wildlife damage. We then map these across the study area and compare them to the direct costs of reserve management, finding that local costs exceed management costs. Whilst benefits of conservation accrue to the global community, significant costs are borne by those living closest. Where livelihoods depend upon opportunities forgone or diminished by conservation...




English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Local costs of conservation exceed those borne by the global majority
Allometric models for managing lowland miombo woodlands of the Beira corridor in MozambiqueBenard S. Guedes , Almeida A. Sitoe & Bengt A. Olsson2018


Sofala


doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00374




Global Ecology and Conservation


Appropriate allometric models are urgently needed to assess the status and changes in biomass and carbon of the trees in miombo woodlands occupying large geographical areas in Mozambique. This study developed two new and interchangeable allometric models for estimating total above-ground biomass (AGB) of lowland miombo woodlands in the Beira corridor, central Mozambique, based on stem diameter at breast height (DBH) and stump diameter (SDI). The Beira corridor study area covers approximately 29,000 km2, of which about three-quarters is lowland miombo woodland. The SDI-based model is proposed principally for estimating total AGB (stem, branches, foliage) of harvested trees/shrubs when diameter cannot be measured at breast height, and thus...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Gorongosa National Park

Allometric models for managing lowland miombo woodlands of the Beira corridor in Mozambique
Characterisation of spatial and temporal distribution of the fire regime in Niassa National Reserve, northern MozambiqueN. S. Ribeiro, A. Cangela, A. Chauque, R. R. Bandeira and A. I. Ribeiro-Barros2017


Niassa


doi.org/10.1071/WF17085




International Journal of Wildland Fire


The Niassa National Reserve (NNR) is the largest conservation area of the Miombo woodlands in southern Africa, representing one of the most remote and pristine biodiversity spots. Anthropogenic fires have long been one of the main ecological drivers in these woodlands. However, the constraint in understanding fire effects results from limited data and accessibility to existing fire records. This study is intended to contribute to the understanding of fire ecology in these woodlands by assessing the fire regime in NNR. We used the moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) daily active fire (MDC14ML) and burned-area (MCD45A1) products to characterise the fire regime in terms of seasonality, intensity, density, burned area, freq...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Characterisation of spatial and temporal distribution of the fire regime in Niassa National Reserve, northern Mozambique
Predictors of elephant poaching in a wildlife crime hotspot: The Ruvuma landscape of southern Tanzania and northern MozambiqueN. Zafra-Calvo, J.M. Lobo, C. Prada, M.R. Nielsen, N.D. Burgess2018


Cabo Delgado;
Niassa


doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2017.11.006




Journal for Nature Conservation


Understanding the spatial distribution of elephant carcasses in relation to ecological characteristics and human activities is critical to developing targeted management strategies for reducing poaching. We employ a spatial modelling approach to quantify the relative contribution of multiple climatic, ecological, human and protected area management predictors of the number of elephant carcasses in a recognized poaching hotspot: the Ruvuma landscape of northern Mozambique and southern Tanzania. This includes the Niassa Reserve in the south and the Selous Game Reserve in the north. In Mozambique, the number of elephant carcasses is positively associated with State-managed protected areas such as Niassa Reserve, but particularly with environme




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity


Quirimbas National Park;
Niassa National Reserve

Predictors of elephant poaching in a wildlife crime hotspot: The Ruvuma landscape of southern Tanzania and northern Mozambique
Territoriality by Conservation in the Selous–Niassa Corridor in TanzaniaJevgeniy Bluwstein & Jens Friis Lund2018


Niassa


dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.09.010




World Development


In this paper we argue that historically emerging frontiers of conservation pave the way for continuous top–down territorialization. Drawing on a concrete case in the Selous–Niassa Corridor in Southern Tanzania, we show how a frontier emerged in the form of community-based conservation. Decades of consecutive and continuous territorialization projects, based on mapping and boundary making, have ensured that conservation is beyond questioning, despite failures in the processes of demarcating, controlling, and managing this large-scale socio-spatial intervention. Although these failures produce territorial conflicts and confusions on the ground, we argue that in the context of a conservation frontier the gap between the envisioned ideal and..




English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Territoriality by Conservation in the Selous–Niassa Corridor in Tanzania
Evaluating the impacts of protected areas on human well-being across the developing worldR. Naidoo, D. Gerkey, D. Hole, A. Pfaff, A. M. Ellis, C. D. Golden, D. Herrera, K. Johnson, M. Mulligan, T. H. Ricketts, B. Fisher2019


N/A






SCIENCE ADVANCES


Protected areas (PAs) are fundamental for biodiversity conservation, yet their impacts on nearby residents are contested. We synthesized environmental and socioeconomic conditions of >87,000 children in >60,000 households situated either near or far from >600 PAs within 34 developing countries. We used quasi-experimental hierarchical regression to isolate the impact of living near a PA on several aspects of human well-being. Households near PAs with tourism also had higher wealth levels (by 17%) and a lower likelihood of poverty (by 16%) than similar households living far from PAs. Children under 5 years old living nearmultiple-use PAs with tourism also had higher height-for-age scores (by 10%) and were less likely to be stunted (by 13%)...




English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Impact Assessment


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Evaluating the impacts of protected areas on human well-being across the developing world
Mapeamento da Biomassa Lenhosa das Florestas de Miombo na Reserva Nacional do NiassaOrlando Alexandre Macave & Natasha S. Ribeiro2019


Niassa








A estimativa de biomassa ao nível da paisagem é crucial para a monitorização do carbono florestal, principalmente para países com o objectivo de mitigar os efeitos das mudanças climáticas e que desejam abordar convenções internacionais e aceder a mecanismos financeiros baseados na redução da emissão de carbono. A Reserva Nacional de Niassa (RNN) é a maior área (42000 km2) de conservação de Miombo na África Austral com elevada diversidade biológica, tornando-a uma área chave de conservação candidata para o desenvolvimento iniciativas MRV REDD+. Este trabalho teve como objectivo estimar a biomassa lenhosa acima do solo (BLAS) e estimar o potencial do carbono armazenado na RNN usando dados de teledetecção calibrados com dados de campo...




Portuguese


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Niassa National Reserve

Mapeamento da Biomassa Lenhosa das Florestas de Miombo na Reserva Nacional do Niassa
Anti-poaching’s politics of (in)visibility: Representing nature and conservation amidst a poaching crisisFrancis Massé2019


N/A


doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.09.011




Geoforum


Conservation organizations are increasingly using tourism and social media to raise funds and support for antipoaching interventions. This article examines how these strategies represent poaching and the responses that areostensibly needed to disrupt it. To do so, I draw on ethnographic fieldwork in the rhino poaching hotspot of the Mozambique-South Africa borderlands and analyze social media and tourism campaigns from organizations in the area. These campaigns emphasize violently decimated wildlife, threatened rangers, and the subsequent need for a securitized conservation. They obscure or neglect the social relations influencing poaching and related violence, other conservation priorities, and the implications of hardline enforcement...




English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Impact Assessment


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Anti-poaching’s politics of (in)visibility: Representing nature and conservation amidst a poaching crisis
Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: A review of its driversFrancisco Sánchez-Bayo & Kris A.G. Wyckhuys2019


N/A


doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.01.020




Biological Conservation


Biodiversity of insects is threatened worldwide. Here, we present a comprehensive review of 73 historical reports of insect declines from across the globe, and systematically assess the underlying drivers. Our work reveals dramatic rates of decline that may lead to the extinction of 40% of the world's insect species over the next few decades. In terrestrial ecosystems, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and dung beetles (Coleoptera) appear to be the taxa most affected, whereas four major aquatic taxa (Odonata, Plecoptera, Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera) have already lost a considerable proportion of species. Affected insect groups not only include specialists that occupy particular ecological niches, but also many common and generalist species...




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Threats to Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: A review of its drivers
Leveraging local livelihood strategies to support conservation and development in West AfricaAby Sene-Harpera, David Matarrita-Cascante, Lincoln R. Larson2019


N/A


doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2018.11.002




Environmental Development


Over the past 30 years, the promotion of alternative occupations has been central to livelihoodcentered conservation projects (LCP). However, continued pressure on protected areas and high poverty levels in surrounding communities suggest that other LCP approaches may be needed. One historically understudied approach focuses on enhancing pre-existing livelihood strategies to achieve conservation and development goals. We assessed the efficacy of the alternative occupations and pre-existing livelihood strategies approaches to LCPs using two case studies of adjacent protected areas along the Senegal River in West Africa. One community in Senegal promotes tourism as an alternative occupation; another in Mauritania builds on the local...


2019


English


No Restrictions


General


Peer-reviewed article


Protected Areas


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Leveraging local livelihood strategies to support conservation and development in West Africa
Cost-benefit analysis of increasing sampling effort in a baitedcamera trap survey of an African leopard (Panthera pardus) populationAllan Tarugara, Bruce W. Clegg, Edson Gandiw, Victor K. Muposh2019


N/A


doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00627




Global Ecology and Conservation


The use of baits at camera trap stations has been shown to increase capture rates in population surveys of large carnivores. This study set out to establish the most costeffective density and duration of sampling for baited-camera trapping (BCT) of leopards in a semi-arid savanna environment. To determine this, we used batches of 30 BCT stations (sampling occasions) to survey a population of leopards (Panthera pardus) at Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve in south-eastern Zimbabwe from July to October 2017. We applied combinations of low to high sampling densities (2e7 occasions) and short to long sampling durations (2e14 days) and observed the effects on population estimates and cost of conducting the survey. Sixty-one leopards were identified...




English


No Restrictions


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Cost-benefit analysis of increasing sampling effort in a baitedcamera trap survey of an African leopard (Panthera pardus) population
Vegetation structure and effects of human use of the dambos ecosystem in northern MozambiqueAires Afonso Mbanze, Amade Mario Martins, Rui Rivaes, Ana I. Ribeiro-Barros, Natasha Sofia Ribeiro2019


Niassa


doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00704




Global Ecology and Conservation


The Niassa National Reserve (NNR) is the most extensive conservation area in Mozambique and the third largest in Africa, encompassing 42,000 km2 of endemic miombo vegetation. Dambos wetlands occur within the wooded grassland and grassland vegetation of NNR and provide a wide range of Ecosystem Services (ES), including life support for animal species, regulation of water flow and prevention of soil erosion. It also generates income for the livelihoods of local communities by providing land for agriculture and harvesting of non-timber products. The dynamics of these ecosystems is poorly understood despite the contribution of the dambos to global biodiversity and ES. This research is the first preliminary assessment of the vegetation...




English


No Restrictions


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Impact Assessment


Quirimbas National Park;
Niassa National Reserve

Vegetation structure and effects of human use of the dambos ecosystem in northern Mozambique
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