Virtual Library

The BIOFUND Virtual Library is an online archive of information on Mozambique’s biodiversity, organized along the lines suggested by the Convention on Biodiversity’s Clearing House Mechanism. The Virtual Library will strive to make available all the documents, studies, reports, articles, educational and communications materials, maps and digital files that have been produced, to serve as a repository of our collective institutional memory as a conservation community. The usefulness of the Virtual Library will improve the more we share amongst ourselves. If you have any materials that are not currently part of the Virtual Library, please click on "Add Document" and become a contributor.

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Title Author Year of Publication
Review of Baeolidia, the largest genus of Aeolidiidae (Mollusca: Nudibranchia), with the description of five new speciesCarmona et al2014


N/A




http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3802.4.5 http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4095CA09-8EA4-4941-8286-32E95F0206AE


Zootaxa


This paper discusses the systematics of the aeolid genus Baeolidia Bergh, 1888. To date, this monophyletic genus is the most diverse within Aeolidiidae with sixteen valid species. Excluding Baeolidia cryoporos Bouchet, 1977, the genus is restricted to the Indo-Pacific and Eastern Pacific. Species of Baeolidia show a huge intrageneric variability in several morphological characters. Only oral glands, if present, may distinguish Baeolidia from other aeolidiids genera. Five new species, Baeolidia rieae sp. nov., Baeolidia variabilis sp. nov., Baeolidia lunaris sp. nov., Baeolidia gracilis sp. nov. and Baeolidia scottjohnsoni sp. nov. are described.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Review of Baeolidia, the largest genus of Aeolidiidae (Mollusca: Nudibranchia), with the description of five new species
African wild dog Conservation Research Project – MozambiqueAndré, Jean-Marc2010


Sofala




Included in this document: "Conservation status and ecology of the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) in Mozambique" - Fieldwork session 2003-2004: the northern Sofala province (incl. Gorongosa NP & Marromeu Complex) “Conservation reinforcement through advanced research on a highly vulnerable population of African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) in the northern Sofala province, central Mozambique.” - Preliminary scientific report on the 2008-2009 fieldwork session “Conservation reinforcement through advanced research on a highly vulnerable population of African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) in the northern Sofala province, central Mozambique.” - Preliminary scientific report on the 2010 fieldwork session




The African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is one of the carnivores the most threatened with extinction in the world (listed as “Endangered”, with criteria C2a(i), in the IUCN Red Data Book, 2008), the second most endangered (after the Ethiopian wolf, Canis simensis) of the only continent it inhabits and the first in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2004, the species has been completely extirpated from 25 of the 39 countries it once occupied. This document shows the results of the determination of African wild dog distribution and abundance in the 9 northern districts of the Sofala province, the role of extrinsic ecological factors on African wild dog population, its interactions with other carnivore and with people living in the area.


2003-2010


English


Not applicable


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Gender and Biodiversity


Gorongosa National Park;
Marromeu Special Reserve

African wild dog Conservation Research Project – Mozambique
Avaliação das Estratégias de Gestão de Risco no Turismo Ativo: Caso do Mergulho na praia do Tofo-Inhambane em MoçambiqueRodrigues, M.2016


Inhambane




Dissertação apresentada à Escola Superior de Hotelaria e Turismo do Estoril (Portugal) para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Turismo, Especialização em Gestão Estratégica de Destinos Turísticos.




A segurança tem sido uma das componentes centrais na escolha de um destino turístico, depois dos atentados de 11 de Setembro de 2001. No turismo ativo, a segurança revela-se de crucial tomando em consideração a elevada exposição a riscos que esta atividade está sujeita. O mergulho na Praia do Tofo tem sido um dos produtos turísticos muito procurados e atraentes para mergulhadores internacionais. E igualmente considerado estratégico a nível de Moçambique. O trabalho objetiva entender como são desenvolvidas as estratégias de gestão de risco no mergulho praticado na Praia do Tofo. O estudo conjuga as abordagens qualitativas e quantitativas, com recurso a metodologia baseada em inquéritos por entrevista e por questionário.




Portuguese


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Tourism and Biodiversity


None

Avaliação das Estratégias de Gestão de Risco no Turismo Ativo: Caso do Mergulho na praia do Tofo-Inhambane em Moçambique
A Handbook of Environmental ManagementLovett, J. & Ockwell, D.2010


N/A






Edward Elgar Publishing Limited


Environmental management has risen from being the task of technical natural resource specialists to being the concern of everyone on the planet. This has led to a rapid expansion in the range of jobs dealing with environmental issues. Not only are ecologists, conservationists, hunters, farmers and fishers involved; we now also have professionals in social science fields such as environmental economics, law and politics.




English


No Restrictions


General


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.);
Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Climate Change and Biodiversity;
Communication and Public Awareness;
Environmental Education


None

A Handbook of Environmental Management
RELATÓRIO SOBRE O ESTADO DE CONSERVAÇÃO DAS TARTARUGAS MARINHAS EM MOÇAMBIQUELouro, C. et al.2006


N/A






MICOA


Cinco espécies de tartarugas marinhas ocorrem e nidificiam na zona costeira de Moçambique. Apesar de serem importantes a nível ecológico e sócio-económico, e como símbolos de conservação da biodiversidade, além de serem protegidas pela legislação nacional e convenções internacionais, as tartarugas marinhas têm recebido em Moçambique, pouca atenção em termos de investigação e actividades de conservação. O presente relatório apresenta uma revisão ao estado actual de conhecimento e conservação das tartarugas marinhas em Moçambique, sendo baseado na literarura publicada e disponível.




Portuguese


No Restrictions


Marine Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Sustainable Use of Biodiversity;
Threats to Biodiversity


All Protected Areas of Mozambique;
None

RELATÓRIO SOBRE O ESTADO DE CONSERVAÇÃO DAS TARTARUGAS MARINHAS EM MOÇAMBIQUE
A review of the species of Psammophis Boie found south of Latitude 12° S (Serpentes: Psammophiinae)Broadley, D.2002


N/A




African Journal of Herpetology, 2002 51(2): 83-119.


African Journal of Herpetology


The status, relationships and zoogeography of the 14 taxa of Psammophis found south of Latitude 12° S are reviewed and some taxonomic changes were proposed (Psammophis trinasalis and P. namibensis; Psammophis orientalis; Psammophis brevirostris and P. leopardinus). The database for this study includes that used for the review of P. notostictus and the P. leightoni complex (Broadley 1975) and much of the material available in American, European and southern African museums, totalling nearly 3 000 specimens.




English


Not applicable


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

A review of the species of Psammophis Boie found south of Latitude 12° S (Serpentes: Psammophiinae)
Proceedings of the National Workshop on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in MozambiqueWorld Bank & Sida1997


N/A




Workshop was held on Inhaca Island and in Maputo, Mozambique ISBN 91-586-6068-2




Widespread poverty, together with rapid population growth and inappropriate or poorly planned development, have resulted in environmental degradation and resource depletion in many areas along the coast. This has resulted in increasing conflicts among coastal inhabitants. To address issues of coastal destruction and resource overuse, better methods for environmental and natural resources management are needed. One way of increasing awareness of the need for improved coastal management at the political and executive level is to arrange seminars and workshops, where policy-makers, heads of government agencies and others can meet to discuss the issues. This volume presents the proceedings of the fourth national workshop.


1996


English


No Restrictions


Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.)


None

Proceedings of the National Workshop on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Mozambique
A reconnaissance survey of the woody flora and vegetation of the Catapú logging concession, Cheringoma District, MozambiquePalgrave et al2007


Sofala






Bothalia


A checklist of the trees, shrubs and lianes of Catapú, Cheringoma District, Mozambique, is presented. Floristically the study area falls within the Swahilian/Maputaland Regional Transition Zone. In total, 238 woody species and infraspecific taxa have been recorded, representing 59 families and 167 genera. Most species (64%) occur both to the north and south of the study area, 26% have their core distribution in the Swahilian Regional Centre of Endemism, 4% have a more southerly distribution, 14 are endemic to the Swahilian/Maputaland Regional Transition Zone and two near-endemic, extending into the Zambezian Regional Centre of Endemism only along the Zambezi River Valley as far west as Kariba.




English


Not applicable


Forest Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity;
Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


None

A reconnaissance survey of the woody flora and vegetation of the Catapú logging concession, Cheringoma District, Mozambique
Patterns of vegetation change in the Zambezi Delta, MozambiqueBeilfuss et al2001


N/A




WORKING PAPERS OF THE PROGRAM FOR THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF CAHORA BASSA DAM AND THE LOWER ZAMBEZI VALLEY 1. Wattled Cranes, waterbirds, and wetland conservation in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique (Bento and Beilfuss 2000) 2. Patterns of hydrological change in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique (Beilfuss and dos Santos 2001) 3. Patterns of vegetation change in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique 4. Prescribed flooding and restoration potential in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique (Beilfuss 2001) 5. The status and prospects of Wattled Cranes in the Marromeu Complex of the Zambezi Delta (Bento et al 2002) 6. The impact of hydrological changes on subsistence production systems and socio-cultural values in the lower Zambezi Valley (Beilfuss et al 2002)




Water resources development projects have substantially altered the hydrological regime of the Zambezi Delta. The cumulative impact of these developments is a significant shift in the magnitude, timing, duration, and frequency of flooding in the delta. The implications of these hydrological changes on vegetation communities in the delta must be considered in the context of the hydrogeomorphic conditions and disturbance processes that control vegetation distribution and abundance.




English


Not applicable


Inland Waters and Wetlands Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Threats to Biodiversity


None

Patterns of vegetation change in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique
Some Ophiuroidea from the Seychelles Islands and Inhaca, Mozambique (Echinodermata)Clark, A.1980


Maputo








The collection comprises 27 species of ophiuroids from Mahé and Praslin, Seychelles and 16 species (some the same) from Inhaca, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique. Included are new records for Amphiura ambigua Koehler (found to be viviparous), Ophiactis picteti (de Loriol), Oph osphaera insignis Brock and Ophiopeza spinosa (Ljungman) from Mahé and Ophiura kinbergi (Ljungman) from Inhaca. Comments are also included on Ophiothrx (Keystonea) propinqua Lyman - transferred to the genus Macrophiothrix, some other anomalous specimens of Macrophiothrix, variations found in Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock) and the synonymy of Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky) with P. persica Mortensen.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity


Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve;
Inhaca Biological Reserve

Some Ophiuroidea from the Seychelles Islands and Inhaca, Mozambique (Echinodermata)
The story of the elusive Dugongs of BazarutoMcCreesh, C.s.d.


N/A




Dugongs of Bazaruto - Chapter I




This is a story of how a large sanguine, sea grass-eating mammal humbled and taught me about the inter-connectedness of life and the impact we human beings are having on our planet and each other. It is also a story of a dream of committed people; one that remains tantalisingly close but is a long way from being fulfilled. In short, it is a story that is incomplete and this is only the first chapter.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Others


Gender and Biodiversity


None

The story of the elusive Dugongs of Bazaruto
Relatório sobre a Capacidade Administrativa e Financeira das Áreas de Conservação em Moçambique 2016Sean Nazerali, Alexandra Jorge & Vitor Pereira2016


N/A








O presente relatório tem como objectivo avaliar a capacidade administrativa e financeira de 19 ACs em Moçambique, contribuindo como um dos critérios no processo de alocação de fundos da BIOFUND.


2016


Portuguese


No Restrictions


General


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Protected Areas


All Protected Areas of Mozambique

Relatório sobre a Capacidade Administrativa e Financeira das Áreas de Conservação em Moçambique 2016
A new goatfish species of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) based on molecular and morphological screening and subsequent taxonomic analysisUiblein, F. & Gouws, G.2014


N/A




DOI: 10.1080/17451000.2013.850515


Marine Biology Research


A new goatfish, Upeneus heemstra sp. nov. (Mullidae), from the Western Indian Ocean and SE India is described from initial DNA barcoding and quantitative morphological screening, followed by a taxonomic analysis featuring the comparison of 56 meristic, morphometric and colour characters compiled from 340 specimens of 10 phenotypically similar species. An updated identification key for the tragula species group is provided and remarks on size-related and population differences are made.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

A new goatfish species of the genus Upeneus (Mullidae) based on molecular and morphological screening and subsequent taxonomic analysis
Adaptation and Learning in Coastal Management: The Experience of Five East African InitiativesTorell, E.2000


N/A






Coastal Management


This article explores principles of adaptive, learning-based resource management and their practical application in coastal management projects in East Africa. The principles of feedback and adjustment, experimentation, and carefully guided participatory processes that capture widespread knowledge are used to describe the experience of five projects in Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. The findings are drawn from a variety of sources, including site visits and interviews. The main finding is that adaptive methods are a major feature of all projects and the general approaches used in each case are similar.




English


Not applicable


General


Peer-reviewed article


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.);
Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures


None

Adaptation and Learning in Coastal Management: The Experience of Five East African Initiatives
Appraisal of the Potential for Rhino Conservation in MozambiqueDunham, K.2004


N/A




SADC Regional Programme for Rhino Conservation Semester 9 Task 1.2-8.1




During 1870, both the white rhino and the black rhino were reported west of the Limpopo River, between its confluences with the Elefantes and Nuanetsi Rivers. But by the late 1950s, excessive hunting had caused the extinction of the white rhino in Mozambique and the black rhino was extinct south of the Save River. This document evaluate the feasibility and the reintroduction options for rhinos in Limpopo National Park, Zinave National Park and Gile Game Reserve. Some preliminary guidelines for the development of a rhino conservation policy for Mozambique are also given.




English


Not applicable


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Project Document, Project Reports and Evaluations


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.);
Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments;
Protected Areas;
Threats to Biodiversity


Zinave National Park;
Gilé National Reserve

Appraisal of the Potential for Rhino Conservation in Mozambique
Are fiddler crabs potentially useful ecosystem engineers in mangrove wastewater wetlands?Penha-Lopes, G. et al2009


N/A




Marine Pollution Bulletin 58 (2009) 1694–1703


Marine Pollution Bulletin


The effect of different organic-rich sewage concentration and absence or presence of mangrove trees on the survival, bioturbation activities and burrow morphology of fiddler crabs species was assessed. After 6 months, males of both species always showed higher survival when compared to females. Crabs inhabiting pristine conditions achieved higher survival than those living in sewage-exposed mesocosms . At 60% sewage loading, fiddler crabs processed less sediment during feeding and excavated slightly more sediment than at pristine conditions. While percent volume of the burrow chambers increased at contaminated mesocosms for both vegetation conditions, burrows were shallower in bare cells loaded with sewage.




English


Not applicable


Coastal Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Ecosystem Restoration;
Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


None

Are fiddler crabs potentially useful ecosystem engineers in mangrove wastewater wetlands?
New data on zoogeography and taxonomy of the African species of the genus Sivacrypticus Kaszab (Coleoptera: Archeocrypticidae)Lillig, M.2004


N/A




Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie A (Biologie)


Stuttgarter Beiträge Zur Naturkunde


This paper presents new localities of the African species of the genus Sivacrypticus Kaszab, 1964, considerably extending the known distribution areas of some species. S. tanganyikanus Kaszab, 1971 is redescribed, and its male genitalia are illustrated for the first time. Distribution maps are provided for all treated species. Distribution patterns of the African representatives of the genus are discussed. A checklist of all known species of the genus is provided, including information about the original description, synonyms and distribution.




English


Not applicable


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

New data on zoogeography and taxonomy of the African species of the genus Sivacrypticus Kaszab (Coleoptera: Archeocrypticidae)
Protecting East Africa’s marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine Conservation Agreements in the Western Indian OceanRocliffe, S. & Udelhoven, J.2011


N/A




The Role and Feasibility of Marine Conservation Agreements in the Western Indian Ocean




Commercial enterprises have been acquiring rights to marine and coastal areas for centuries for fisheries, energy and other uses. Increasingly, by using Marine Conservation Agreements, organisations like The Nature Conservancy (TNC) have begun to acquire similar rights for purposes that safeguard marine resources and benefit local communities. The Conservancy is developing a wide-ranging analysis of the role and feasibility of MCAs in key regions worldwide. This report examines one such region – the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) – and documents findings from an analysis of the ocean and coastal legal frameworks in Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Madagascar, Seychelles and South Africa.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity;
Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Legal and Political (Laws, Regulations, Action Plans, Strategies, etc.);
Protected Areas


Quirimbas National Park;
Bazaruto Archipelago National Park;
Inhaca Biological Reserve

Protecting East Africa’s marine and coastal biodiversity. Marine Conservation Agreements in the Western Indian Ocean
Satellite tracking of migrating loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) displaced in the open seaLuschi et al2003


N/A






Marine Biology


Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) are known to migrate towards fixed, individually-specific residential feeding grounds. To study their spatial behaviour and their navigational ability, five loggerheads nesting in South Africa were captured when about to start their postnesting migration and tracked by satellite after having been displaced from their usual migratory route.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Satellite tracking of migrating loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) displaced in the open sea
Marine turtle interaction with purse-seine fishery in the Atlantic and Indian oceans: Lessons for managementBourjea et al2014


N/A






Biological Conservation


Bycatch of endangered marine turtles is a growing issue for the management of all fisheries, including the oceanic purse-seine fishery. The aim of this study was to assess the spatial and temporal variation in bycatch rates of these species in the entire European purse-seine fishery operating in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. The study was based on data collected through observer programs from 1995 to 2011. During that period, a total of 15 913 fishing sets were observed, including 6 515 on Drifting Fish Aggregating Devices (DFADs) and 9 398 on free swimming schools, representing a global coverage of 10.3% and 5.1% of the total fishing activity in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean, respectively.


1995-2011


Othe


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Marine turtle interaction with purse-seine fishery in the Atlantic and Indian oceans: Lessons for management
Dymitile – Dynamique migratoire des tortues marines nidifiant dans les Iles Françaises de l’Ocean IndienBourjea et al2013


N/A








Chez les tortues marines, la migration est un processus indispensable tout au long de leur cycle biologique. Décrire et caractériser le cycle spatial des tortues marines est donc nécessaire pour définir une stratégie de conservation efficace à long terme. Nous avons étudié, grâce à la télémétrie satellitaire, la dynamique spatiale de deux espèces à différents stades de leur vie : 105 tortues vertes adultes Chelonia mydas en migration post reproductive dans le Sud-ouest de l’océan Indien (SOOI), et 18 tortues caouannes juvéniles Caretta caretta en phase océanique capturées accidentellement par la pêcherie palangrière réunionnaise.


2011-2013


Othe


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Dymitile – Dynamique migratoire des tortues marines nidifiant dans les Iles Françaises de l’Ocean Indien
Ecological Studies on the Shores of Moçambique. The Fauna of Intertidal Rocks at Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay.Kalk, M.1958


Maputo




Annals of the Natal Museum, Vol. XIV, part 2, issued November 19th, 1958.


Annuals of the Natal Museum


The fauna of the 2,000-mile shore line of South Africa has been extensively investigated, but very little is known of the ecology of the adjacent 1,OOO-mile stretch of the Moyambique coast of East Africa. The exposed rocks nearest to Inhaca Island, that have been described, are at Isipingo near Durban, Natal, nearly 300 miles south, and the nearest sheltered rocks in Durban Bay. Many tropical Indo-Pacific species from the coast of Moçambique have been described by taxonomists in their publications on the South African fauna. The sites selected for the investigation of the rock fauna at Inhaca may be germane to the general problem of the distribution of marine intertidal organisms.




English


Not applicable


Coastal Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Gender and Biodiversity;
Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Inhaca Biological Reserve

Ecological Studies on the Shores of Moçambique. The Fauna of Intertidal Rocks at Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay.
Ecology of tropical hermit crabs at Quirimba Island, Mozambique: distribution, abundance and activityBarnes, D.1997


Cabo Delgado






Marine Ecology Progress Series


A diverse assemblage of 16 species of hermit crabs occurs on the shores of the Quirimba Archipelago, northern Mozambique. Each species illustrated marked zonation such that they formed a distinct sequence from the subtidal across the wide intertidal zone to the supra-littoral. In addition to shore height zonation, there was distinct variation in type and range of habitat preferences. Of the 5 study islands, Quirimba and Quisiva had the greatest intertidal habitat variety and the largest number of resident hermit crab species.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity;
Identification, Monitoring, Indicators and Assessments


Quirimbas National Park

Ecology of tropical hermit crabs at Quirimba Island, Mozambique: distribution, abundance and activity
Description of Monoleptoides gen. nov. from the Afrotropical Region, including the revision of nine species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae)Wagner, Thomas2011


N/A






Bonn zoological Bulletin


Due to their specific external and genitalic patterns, several species of Afrotropical Galerucines, most of them originally described in Monolepta Chevrolat, 1837 and Candezea Chapuis, 1879, are transferred to the new genus Monoleptoides. This group is phylogenetically well defined and comprises nine previously described species, some of them well known, abundant, and widely distributed in tropical Africa. Detailed descriptions for the generotype, Monoleptoides duplicata and redescriptions of all species, as well as an identification key are given. Collection data are recorded in detail for the 1190 specimens studied, and summarized in distribution maps.




English


Not applicable


General


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Description of Monoleptoides gen. nov. from the Afrotropical Region, including the revision of nine species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae)
The Zambezi RiverMoore et al2007


N/A




Large Rivers: Geomorphology and Management, Edited by A. Gupta


John Wiley & Sons, Ltd


The Zambezi rises with considerable modesty in northwest Zambia from a small spring on the gentle upland of the Southern Equatorial Divide – the watershed that separates the river from north-west-flowing tributaries of the Congo. For some 30 km, the Zambezi head-waters flow to the north, towards the Congo, but then the course swings to the south-west, around a low ridge of Karoo sandstone known as Kalene Hill. This direction is maintained for a further 200 km into Angola before the river finally turns south-eastwards to the Indian Ocean. The aim of this chapter is to provide a description of the Zambezi, with particular focus on the contrasting geomorphological character of the three sectors of the river.




English


Not applicable


General;
Inland Waters and Wetlands Biodiversity


Reports, Studies, Biodiversity Baselines and Evaluations


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Gender and Biodiversity


None

The Zambezi River
Global phylogeography of the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)Dutton et al1999


N/A




DOI: 10.1017/S0952836999007116


Journal of Zoology


Analyses of mitochondrial (mt) DNA control region sequences from 175 leatherback turtles Dermochelys coriacea from 10 nesting colonies revealed shallow phylogenetic structuring of maternal lineages on a global scale. Eleven haplotypes were observed, and mean estimated sequence divergence, p = 0.00581, is much lower than the deepest nodes reported in global mtDNA surveys of the green turtle Chelonia mydas, loggerhead Caretta caretta, and ridley turtles Lepidochelys spp. The leatherback turtle is the product of an evolutionary trajectory originating at least 100 million years ago, yet the intraspecific phylogeny recorded in mitochondrial lineages may trace back less than 900 000 years.




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Gender and Biodiversity


None

Global phylogeography of the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
Philatelic LepidopteraSmith, M1954


N/A






The Lepidopterists' News


Many entomologists who are also philatelists are collectors of insects on stamps. These include bees and beehives, mosquitoes, dragonflies, a praying mantis, termitaria, and several beetles, but by far the greatest number are butterflies or moths. The 20-value set issued by Mozambique, and the four most recent Pro Juventude sets of Switzerland, all in full natural color, should do much to interest collectors in this special field. Fourteen stamp-issuing countries, from 1902 through 1953, have issued a total of ninety-nine stamps of forty-six different designs, showing forty-three species of butterflies, moths, or their caterpillars.




English


Not applicable


General


Others


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Philatelic Lepidoptera
Nest site fidelity and nest site selection of loggerhead, Caretta caretta, and leatherback, Dermochelys coriacea, turtles in Kwazulu-Natal, South AfricaBotha, M.2010


N/A




Submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in the Department of Zoology at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.




Loggerhead and leatherback sea turtles nest on the beaches of the north-eastern portion of Kwazulu-Natal within the iSimangaliso Wetland Park. Loggerheads place ~60 % of all nests within an 8 km stretch of beach, whereas leatherbacks tend to space their nests more evenly along the entire length of the monitoring area. The study aimed to determine nest site fidelity of loggerheads and leatherbacks and the factors that influence nest site selection of both species within the 56 km of turtle monitoring area (32N to 100S) and the 5 km area of high-density loggerhead nesting (0N to 12N). The effectiveness of nest site selection was then determined through the hatching success of loggerheads over the 5km area (0N to 12N).




English


Not applicable


Marine Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

Nest site fidelity and nest site selection of loggerhead, Caretta caretta, and leatherback, Dermochelys coriacea, turtles in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa
Description of two new species of Zinophora Chamberlin, 1927 (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae), with discussion of species groups in the genusRedman et al2010


N/A






African Invertebrates


The millipede genus Zinophora (Chamberlin, 1927) was previously revised based on the species present south of the Zambezi and Kunene Rivers. Since that revision, two additional new species have been discovered and are here described: Zinophora lobata (Mozambique) and Z. taromberai (Zimbabwe and Tanzania). This brings the total number of described species in the genus to 21. An updated key to species in the genus is presented. Detailed illustrations of the gonopods supplement the descriptions and a distribution map of Z. taromberai in Zimbabwe is provided. There appear to be up to three species groups in the genus and the character states defining these groups are discussed.




English


Not applicable


Other Terrestrial Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Biological and Cultural Diversity;
Gender and Biodiversity


None

Description of two new species of Zinophora Chamberlin, 1927 (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Harpagophoridae), with discussion of species groups in the genus
The genus Anisomysis (Crustacea: Mysidae) from the east coast of South Africa – descriptions of three new species, and range extensions of two known speciesConnell, Allan D.2009


N/A






African Natural History


Three new species of Mysidae, of the genus Anisomysis, are described. Two of these, Anisomysis (Anisomysis) pescaprae sp. nov. and A. (Anisomysis) neptuni sp. nov., were collected on reef in at a depth of 20–40 m, within the Aliwal Shoal Marine Protected Area, about 60 km south of Durban on the KwaZulu-Natal shelf. Both belong to the subgenus Anisomysis, and each possesses a uniquely shaped telson which immediately identifies the species. In shallow, sheltered waters adjacent to the derelict and partly submerged Vetch’s Pier in the southern corner of the Durban beachfront, the third new species, Anisomysis (Paranisomysis) sudafricana sp. nov., was found in small shoals.




English


Not applicable


Coastal Biodiversity


Peer-reviewed article


Gender and Biodiversity


None

The genus Anisomysis (Crustacea: Mysidae) from the east coast of South Africa – descriptions of three new species, and range extensions of two known species
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